was an important artist during the years of the
Spanish Civil War. He was already an established
artist when, in 1936, he was given the position
of General Director of Arts
by the republican government.
task was to safeguard the artistic heritage of
Spain during the war. Two years later the government
appointed Renau, Director of Graphic Propaganda.
He lived up to the title with his steady output
of anti-fascist poster art, and is credited with
having helped to develop photomontage as an art
above poster is one example of Renau's unusual
approach to photomontage. He believed that such
works should be done in color, and this philosophy
made his work stand out, since all photomontage
up until his experiments had been done in black
and white. After the fascists succeeded in crushing
the Spanish republic Renau went into exile...
eventually settling in Mexico, where he worked
briefly with the great Mexican muralist Siqueiros.
While in Mexico the artist continued to developed
photomontage, creating a stunning body of work
he called Fata Morgana USA - The American Way
of Life. The series, begun in 1940, criticized
the consumer culture of the United States, and
in many ways it was a forerunner to Pop Art. But
Renau's bold, startling, political imagery savaged
bourgeois ideology in ways that Pop artists never